How to Cite Our Work

Figures generated in this website can be directly used in your publication. If you do, please cite our work.

Wang, Y., Song, F., Zhang, B., Zhang, L., Xu, J., Kuang, D., Li, D., Choudhary, M.N.K., Li, Y., Hu, M., et al. (2018). The 3D Genome Browser: a web-based browser for visualizing 3D genome organization and long-range chromatin interactions. Genome Biology. 19, 151.


TADs in hg19       TADs in hg38       TADs in mm9       TADs in mm10       File information

Note: the TADs coordinates provided here are predicted using our in-house pipeline from Dixon et al. Nature 2012 and the list of tissue/cell type will be constantly updated as we add more data. Data source of TAD files can be found in the File information link. Please contact us if you have any quesitons.

Source of data available for visualization

We are hosting all the Hi-C and ChIA-PET datasets produced by the ENCODE Consortium. You can also visualize and explore the chromatin interaction data from the following publications. If you have suggestions of datasets to be added to this browser, please contact us.

1.  Lieberman-Aiden, E., Nynke L. van Berkum, Williams, L., Imakaev, M., Ragoczy, T., Telling, A., Amit, I., Lajoie, B.R., Sabo, P.J., Dorschner, M.O., Sandstrom, R., Bernstein, B., Bender, M.A., Groudine, M., Gnirke, A., Stamatoyannopoulos, J., Mirny, L.A., Lander, E.S. & Dekker, J. Comprehensive Mapping of Long-Range Interactions Reveals Folding Principles of the Human Genome. Science. 2009. 326(5950):289-293. Pubmed Paper Dataset

2.  Dixon JR, Selvaraj S, Yue F, Kim A, Li Y, Shen Y, Hu M, Liu JS, Ren B. Topological domains in mammalian genomes identified by analysis of chromatin interactions. Nature. 2012;485(7398):376-380. Pubmed Paper Dataset

3.  Shen, Y., Yue, F., McCleary, D., Ye, Z., Edsall, L., Kuan, S., Wagner, U., Dixon, J., Lee, L., Lobanenkov, V. & Ren, B. A map of the cis-regulatory sequences in the mouse genome". Nature. 2012;488(7409):116-120. Paper Dataset

4.  Rao, S.S.P., Huntley, M.H., Durand, N.C., Stamenova, E.K., Bochkov, I.D., Robinson, J.T., Sanborn, A.L., Machol, I., Omer, A.D., Lander, E.S. & Aiden-Lieberman, E. 2014,. A 3D Map of the Human Genome at Kilobase Resolution Reveals Principles of Chromatin Looping. Cell. 2014;159(7):1665-1680. Pubmed Paper Dataset

5.  Heidari, N., Phanstiel, D.H., He, C., Grubert, F., Jahanbani, F., Kasowski, M., Zhang, M., Snyder, M.P. Genome-wide map of regulatory interactions in the human genome. Genome Research. 2014 Dec; 24(12): 1905-1917. Pubmed

6.  Dixon JR, Jung I, Selvaraj S, Shen Y, Antosiewicz-Bourget JE, Lee AY, Ye Z, Kim A, Rajagopal N, Xie W, Diao Y, Liang J, Zhao H, Lobanenkov VV, Ecker JR, Thomson JA, Ren B. Chromatin architecture reorganization during stem cell differentiation. Nature. 2015;518(7539):331-336. Pubmed Paper Dataset

7.  Leung, D., Jung, I., Rajagopal, N., Schmitt, A., Selvaraj, S., Lee, A. Y. & Ren, B. Integrative analysis of haplotype-resolved epigenomes across human tissues. Nature. 2015;518(7539):350-354. Pubmed Paper Dataset

8.  Nagano, T., Lubling, Y., Yaffe, E., Wingett, S. W., Dean, W., Tanay, A., & Fraser, P. Single-cell hi-C for genome-wide detection of chromatin interactions that occur simultaneously in a single cell. Nature Protocols. 2015;10(12):1986-2003.

9.   Mifsud, B., Tavares-Cadete, F., Young, A., Sugar, R., Schoenfelder, S., Ferreira, L., Wingett, S., Andrews, S., Grey, W., Ewels, P., Herman, B., Happe, S., Higgs, A., LeProust, E., Follows, G., Fraser, P., Luscombe, N. & Osborne, C. Mapping long-range promoter contacts in human cells with high-resolution capture Hi-C. Nature Genetics. 2015;47(6):598-606. Pubmed Paper Dataset

10.   Tang, Z., Luo, O., Li, G., Li, X., Zheng, M., Zhu, J., Szalaj, P., Trzaskoma, P., Magalska, A., Wlodarczyk, J., Ruszczycki, B., Michalski, P., Piecuch, E., Wang, P., Wang, D., Tian, S., Penrad-Mobayed, M., Sachs, L., Ruan, Y., Ruan, X., Wei, C., Liu, E., Wilczynski, G. & Plewczynski, D. CTCF-Mediated Human 3D Genome Architecture Reveals Chromatin Topology for Transcription. Cell. 2015, 163(7), p1611-1627. Paper

11.  Schmitt, A., Hu, M., Jung, I., Xu, Z., Qiu, Y., Tan, C., Li, Y., Lin, S., Lin, Y., Barr, C. & Ren, B. A Compendium of Chromatin Contact Maps Reveals Spatially Active Regions in the Human Genome. Cell Reports. 2016;17(8):2042-2059. Pubmed Paper Dataset

12.  Javierre, B., Burren, O., Wilder, S., Kreuzhuber, R., Hill, S., Sewitz, S., Cairns, J., Wingett, S., Várnai, C., Thiecke, M., Burden, F., Farrow, S., Cutler, A., Rehnström, K., Downes, K., Grassi, L., Kostadima, M., Freire-Pritchett, P., Wang, F., Stunnenberg, H.G., Todd, J.A., Zerbino, D.R., Stegle, O., Ouwehand, W.H., Frontini, M., Wallace, C., Spivakov, M. & Fraser, P., Lineage-Specific Genome Architecture Links Enhancers and Non-coding Disease Variants to Target Gene Promoters. Cell. 2016;167(5):1369-1384.e19. Pubmed Paper

13.  Fang, R., Yu, M., Li, G., Chee, S., Liu, T., Schmitt, A.D., and Ren, B. Mapping of long-range chromatin interactions by proximity ligation-assisted ChIP-seq. Cell Res. 2016 Dec;26(12):1345-1348. Paper Dataset

14.  Mumbach, M.R., Rubin, A.J., Flynn, R.A., Dai, C., Khavari, P.A., Greenleaf, W.J. & Chang, H.Y. 2016, HiChIP: efficient and sensitive analysis of protein-directed genome architecture. Nature Methods.2016;13(11):919-922. Paper

15.  Won, H., Torre-Ubieta, L., Stein, J.L., Parkshak, N.N., Huang, J., Opland, C.K., Gandal, M.J., Sutton, G.J., Hormozdiari, F., Lu, D., Lee, C., Eskin, E., Voineagu, I., Ernst, J., & Geschwind, D.H., Chromosome conformation elucidates regulatory relationships in developing human brain. Nature. 2016,538, 523-527. Paper Dataset

16.   Jin, F., Li, Y., Dixon, J., Selvaraj, S., Ye, Z., Lee, A., Yen, C., Schmitt, A., Espinoza, C., & Ren, B. A high-resolution map of the three-dimensional chromatin interactome in human cells. Nature 2013 , 503(7475), 290-4.

17.  Rubin, A., Barajas, B., Furlan-Magaril, M., Lopez-Pajares, V., Mumbach, M., Howard, I., .., Chang, H., Fraser, P., Khavari, P. Lineage-specific dynamic and pre-established enhancer-promoter contacts cooperate in terminal differentiation. Nat. Genet 2017 , 49(10), 1522-1528.

18. Ramirez, F., Lingg, T., Toscano, S., Lam, K., Georgiev, P., Chung, H., Lajoie, B., de Wit, E., Zhan, Y., de Laat, W., Dekker, J., Manke, T., Akhtar, A. High-Affinity Sites Form an Interaction Network to Facilitate Spreading of the MSL Complex across the X Chromosome in Drosophila. Mol. Cell 2015 , 60(1), 146-62.

19. Phanstiel DH, Van Bortle K, Spacek D, Hess GT, Shamim MS, Machol I, Love MI, Aiden EL, Bassik MC, Snyder MP. Static and Dynamic DNA Loops form AP-1-Bound Activation Hubs during Macrophage Development. Mol Cell. 2017 67(6), 1037-1048.

20. Doynova MD, Markworth JF, Cameron-Smith D, Vickers MH, O Sullivan JM. Linkages between changes in the 3D organization of the genome and transcription during myotube differentiation in vitro. Skelet Muscle 2017 . 5;7(1):5

21. Jiang Y, Loh YE, Rajarajan P, Hirayama T, Liao W, Akbarian S, et al. The methyltransferase SETDB1 regulates a large neuron-specific topological chromatin domain. Nat Genet. 2017 49(8):1239-1250.

22. Bonev B, Mendelson Cohen N, Szabo Q, Fritsch L, Papadopoulos GL, Lubling Y, Xu X, Lv X, Hugnot JP, Tanay A, Cavalli G. Multiscale 3D Genome Rewiring during Mouse Neural Development. Cell. 2017 171(3):557-572.e24.

23. Handoko L, Xu H, Li G, Ngan CY, Chew E, Schnapp M, Lee CW, Ye C, Ping JL, Mulawadi F, Wong E, Sheng J, Zhang Y, Poh T, Chan CS, Kunarso G, Shahab A, Bourque G, Cacheux-Rataboul V, Sung WK, Ruan Y, Wei CL. CTCF-mediated functional chromatin interactome in pluripotent cells. Nat Genet. 2011 . Jun 19;43(7):630-8.

24. Dowen JM, Fan ZP, Hnisz D, Ren G, Abraham BJ, Zhang LN, Weintraub AS, Schujiers J, Lee TI, Zhao K, Young RA. Control of cell identity genes occurs in insulated neighborhoods in mammalian chromosomes. Cell. 2014 Oct 9;159(2):374-387.

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